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Key Terms And Themes Notes

Law Notes > Australian Legal Foundations Notes

This is an extract of our Key Terms And Themes document, which we sell as part of our Australian Legal Foundations Notes collection written by the top tier of Griffith University students.

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KEY

TERMS

...................................................................................................................................................................................

3


COURSE

THEMES

.........................................................................................................................................................................

4


NATURE

OF

LAW

.......................................................................................................................................................................

10


POLITICAL

PHILOSOPHY

OF

LIBERALISM

........................................................................................................................

12


COMMON

LAW

SYSTEM:

ORIGIN

AND

SOURCES

.............................................................................................................

16


AUSTRALIAN

CONSTITUTIONALISM

..................................................................................................................................

19


PARLIAMENT

AND

LEGISLATIVE

PROCESSES

.................................................................................................................

21


LEGISLATIVE

INTERPRETATION

I

.....................................................................................................................................

27


LEGISLATIVE

INTERPRETATION

II

.....................................................................................................................................

36


THE

COURT

SYSTEM

...............................................................................................................................................................

39


PRECEDENT,

LEGAL

CHANGE

AND

JUDICIAL

DECISION

MAKING

.............................................................................

43


ROLE

OF

THE

LAWYER

AND

ETHICS

..................................................................................................................................

49


LIMITS

OF

LIBERALISM

..........................................................................................................................................................

52

PAGE

2


KEY

TERMS

Liberalism


Rule

of

Law


Separation

of

Powers

Egalitarianism


Utilitarianism


Deontological


Teleological


Negative

Liberty


Positive

Liberty


The

rights

of

the

individual

come

before

the

rights

of


the

state/collective.

Equality

in

the

legal

system.


Courts

are

bound

to

follow

the

decisions

made

by


courts

before

them,

and

must

uphold

decisions

made


by

higher

courts.


Those

who

make

the

law

should

not

be

the

same

as


those

who

enforce

the

law.

With

this

in

mind,

there

are


three

separate

arms

of

government:

executive,


(crown),

who

are

in

charge

of

implementing

the

law,


judiciary,

(courts),

who

are

in

charge

of

applying

the


law,

and

the

legislative,

(parliament),

who

are


responsible

for

making

the

law.


All

humans

are

fundamentally

equal

and

should

have


the

same

political,

economic,

social

and

civil

rights.

It

is


essentially

a

reflection

of

the

natural

state

of

humanity.


So

long

as

actions

are

for

the

benefit

of

a

majority

of


people,

it

is

the

right

option.

Greatest

good

for

the


greatest

number

of

people.


Ethical

position

that

judges

follow

the

rule/s

as

it

is


their

duty

and

obligation

morally

to

do

so.

Libertarian


perspective.

INDIVIDUAL

COMES

FIRST.


The

ends

justify

the

means,

so

long

as

there

is

the


greatest

good

for

the

greatest

number.

SOCIETY


COMES

FIRST.


Freedom

from

interference

by

others,

(governmental


power),

and

encompasses

all

that

is

the

'free

man.'


Freedom

to

fulfill

ones

own

potential,

uninhibited

by


ones

self.

PAGE

3

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